In 2010, the Amazon Conservation Association (ACA), in partnership with the American Bird Conservancy and the World Land Trust, provided funding for the purchase of 7,576 acres of land in southern Peru by ACA's sister organization, La Asociación para la Conservación de la Cuenca Amazónica (ACCA). Located near the Rio Pini Pini and the Rio Tono in the Manu Biosphere Reserve, the land is particularly esteemed for its bird activity, as it is home to more than 600 known species. This purchase will help to ensure the protection and prosperity of wildlife in the region.
Villa Carmen Biological Station and reserve supports a wide variety of habitats including old-growth rainforest, lower mountain forest, secondary forests, streams, rivers, waterfalls, and a highly diverse flora and fauna. It has an all-weather road, and is accessible by car and by boats going up the Madre de Dios river. ACCA is overseeing management of Villa Carmen, which will be used to promote sustainable agroforestry and aquaculture, host educational programs, serve as a biological research station, and further incorporate local communities into conservation efforts.
Quick Facts about Villa Carmen
Location: 1.5 km north of the town of Pillcopata, district of Kcosñipata, Cusco, Peru.
Geographic coordinates: -12.8955, -71.4038Elevation: 520-1200 meters
Precipitation: 4000 mm/year; driest in August & wettest in February (rainy season Nov-March). See 2011 and 2012 rainfall data from Villa Carmen.
Temperature: Annual average 22°C; maximum temperature 32°C (during sunny days August - November) and down to 10°C (during cold fronts May - August)
Area of reserve: 3,065 hectares
Prevailing wind: NNE
Vegetation: Premontane rainforest, lower mountain rainforest, bamboo forest, riparian succesional vegetation, secondary succesional vegetation, crops and pasture.
Area of reserve: 3,066 hectares (7,576 acres)
Percent forest cover: 92%
Trail system: 40 km, elevation gain 680 m, easy to difficult
Accommodations: Currently we can provide three double cottages with private bathroom, four double rooms with shared bathrooms, and three dormitories with shared bathrooms for 12 people each, for a total lodging capacity for 50 visitors. Wilderness camping is permitted.
Other facilities: laboratory, multipurpose meeting space, 24 hour electricity and internet access
District population: 4,700 inhabitants, 97% of which are Andean colonos, 2% Machiguenga and Wachiperi, and 1% from coastal/northern Peru or other countries
To learn more:
Resident macaws (Ara macao) at the Hacienda. Photo: Adrian Tejedor
Clouds roll over the hillsides of Villa Carmen. Photo: Adrian Tejedor
Jaguar caught passing a camera trap at night at Villa Carmen in October 2011. Photo: ACA
Morpho helenor butterfly at Villa Carmen. Photo: Adrian Tejedor
Cave Swift Waterfall at Villa Carmen. Photo: Adrian Tejedor
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